Mardin (Arabic: ماردين, Kurdish: Mêrdîn, Syriac: ܡܪܕܝܢ, romanized: Mardīn) is a city in southeastern Turkey. The capital of Mardin Province in Turkish Kurdistan, it is known for the Artuqid architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains. The city has large populations of Kurds, Arabs, and Assyrians. A 2013 study showed that Kurds are the majority in Mardin Province, while they make up 49% of the population of the capital cities of Mardin and Midyat. The same study showed that 49% of Mardin’s population identify as Arabs.